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Sumo Wrestling

Page history last edited by PBworks 12 years, 6 months ago

 

 

 THE HISTORY AND ART OF SUMO WRESTLING

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
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 HISTORY OF SUMO:
 
  • Dates back to year 712
  • Fight between two gods, Ttakemikazuchi and Takeminnakata
  • Fought until one lost
  • Some say it is an agricultural ritual to the gods for good harvest
  • Right away in the Shinto religion to show respect and praise

 

 

 

 

 

SUMO RITUALS:

 

  • Chiri-chozu
                  -Wrestlers squatt at oppostie end of the ring, extend arms and clap their hands once.
                  -Ward off evil spirts that might be in or around the ring
  •  Shiko
                  -Exaggerated foot stomping
                  -Appease the Shinto gods

 

  • Open Palms
                                          -Wrestlers turn palms up to display that they bear no arms

 

  • Salt
                  -Tossed into the ring to finish rituals
                  -Clarify the ring and allow competitors to wish the other well-being and prosperity

 

 
 
 
 
 
 Sumo Silk Wraps:                                                                                                      
                                                                                                            
 
 
 
  • Special aprons were designed for the wrestlers embroidered with the god they served
  • Gave fame and prestige, many wrestlers fought to obtain and wear these sacred aprons
  • Today, wrestlers wear aprons that denote their birthplace, their rank, or the gym they belong to
 
 
 
Time to Wrestle:

 

  • The ring (dohyo) is made with clay with sand spread over the top
  • 4.55 meters (15 feet) in diameter and sit about 35-60 centimeters (2 feet) off the ground
  • At the center, two white lines seperate wrestlers
 
 
 
                                                                                           
 
 
  • Once rituals are completed, wrestlers must position themselves behind these lines and begin the stare off
  • Wrestlers glare at each other for up to four minutes in hopes to break the other's focus and catch him off guard
  • When the wrestling match beings, it is only a matter of seconds before the wrestler is claimed winner
  • Two Rules determine winner:
                -First wrestler to touch any part of his body to the ground, loses
                -First wrestler to touch any part of his body outside the ring loses
  • Pulling hair, poking eyes, or striking with a closed fist is not allowed
  • If these tactics are done, the wrestler will lose automaticly
  • Match usually only lasts for a few seconds
  • Once a wrestler wins, elaborate celebrating of size and strength is shown
 
 
 
 
The Wrestlers (Rikishi):
 
 
 
  • Most wrestlers are around 5' 10" tall
  • Weigh about 330 pounds
  • Six divisions
                                        -Makuuchi (fixed at 42 wrestlers), Juryo (fixed at 28 wrestlers), Makushita (fixed at 120 wrestlers),                           Sandanme (fixed at 200 wrestlers), Jonidan (fixed at 230 wrestlers), Jonokuchi (fixed at 80 wrestlers)

 

  • Wrestlers enter sumo at the lowestest level (Jonokuchi) and work their way up to the highest level (Makuuchi) ability permitting
  • The top two groups are the only ones salaried
  • Others are given allowance and in return have to perform chores at their training homes
  • Compete in six tornaments each year in each odd numbered month
  • Each tournament lasts for fifteen days
 
 
Speciality Diet:
  • No breakfast but many larger meals throughout the day
  • Most meals consists of high fat to put on weight
  • Eat and rest a lot during the day
  • Chankonabe- soup with loads of meat and vegetables
 
 
 
 
 
 
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